A surgeon without an instrument is impossible to effectively carry out a surgical operation. Surgical instruments are tools designed to help the surgeons successfully conduct a surgery. Surgery is a crucial operative medical procedure that involves opening of the body in order to modify or remove body tissues. The equipments being used by medical doctors during surgical operation come in variety types. They are usually categorized according to their purpose. Aside from that, these surgical tools can be classified also according materials used for their construction.
The scalpel intended for making incision, the retractors used to keep the incision open, the forceps meant for picking or holding tissues, and the scissors designed for cutting body tissues are just some of the most popular surgical instruments for surgery. These medical instruments are usually made of hardened and tampered steel. And considering their composition, they are categorized as re-usable surgical tools. Aside from reusable equipments for surgery, there are also wide array of surgical tools that are meant to be disposed after use. Disposable surgical instruments are already sterilized the moment they are purchased in home and hospital medical equipment stores. Disposable tools for surgical operation are usually made from rubber and plastic materials. Protective surgical gloves, twin bone nasal catheter, nasal oxygen catheter, oxygen mask, suction catheter, and trachea's tony tubes are just examples of disposable surgical instruments.
When it comes to proper care and maintenance of reusable surgical tools, it is necessary to sterilize and disinfect them before and after use. Sterilization and disinfection of steel-hardened surgical instruments like scalpel, forceps, retractors, and scissors are very important since these medical tools will be used operating vital body organs. Hospital medical equipments that are properly sterilized and disinfected prevents the inactivation of disinfectants thus, patients will not be at risk of infections. Moreover, proper care and maintenance of reusable instruments for surgery also help extend their service life span so it reduces extra costs for repairs and replacements. And with regard to disposable instruments for surgery, there is one thing to keep in mind when throwing them. Make sure that these non-reusable surgical instruments are properly disposed because failure to do so will only allow microorganisms to spread out.